Guide Across the Taiwan Strait: Mainland China, Taiwan and the 1995-1996 Crisis

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Zhang also invited Wang to visit China. On 11 February , Wang met with Zhang in Nanjing , in the first official, high-level, government-to-government contact between the two sides since The meeting took place at Purple Palace Nanjing. They also agreed on finding a solution for health insurance coverage for Taiwanese students studying in Mainland China, on pragmatically establishing SEF and ARATS offices in their respective territories and on studying the feasibility of allowing visits to detained persons once these offices have been established.

In September , Xi Jinping , General Secretary of the Communist Party of China appeared [ clarify ] to adopt a more uncompromising stance than his predecessors as he called for the " one country, two systems " model to be applied to Taiwan. On 7 November , Xi and Ma met and shook hands in Singapore , marking the first ever meeting between leaders of both sides since the end of Chinese Civil War in On 30 December , a hotline connecting the head of the Mainland Affairs Council and the head of the Taiwan Affairs Office was established.

Their visit was aimed to reset and restart cross-strait relations after President Tsai Ing-wen took office on 20 May The eight local leaders reiterated their support of One-China policy under the consensus. In October , Tsai Ing-wen expressed hopes that both sides would restart their cross-strait relations after the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China , and argued that new practices and guidelines governing mutual interaction should be examined.

Beijing has recently significantly restricted the number of Chinese tour groups allowed to visit Taiwan to place pressure upon President Tsai Ing-wen. In April , political parties and organizations demanding a referendum on Taiwan's independence have formed an alliance to further their initiative.

The Formosa Alliance was established, prompted by a sense of crisis in the face of growing pressure from China for unification. The alliance wants to hold a referendum on Taiwan's independence in April , change the island's name from the Republic of China to Taiwan, and apply for membership in the United Nations. Ma replied that the relations are neither between two Chinas nor two states. It is a special relationship. Further, he stated that the sovereignty issues between the two cannot be resolved at present, but he quoted the ' Consensus ' as a temporary measure until a solution becomes available.

He said that laws relating to international relations cannot be applied regarding the relations between Taiwan and the mainland, as they are parts of a state. The heads of the two bodies, Lin Join-sane and Chen Deming , are both full-time appointees and do not hold other government positions. However, both are senior members of their respective political parties Kuomintang and Communist Party of China respectively , and both have previously served as senior members of their respective governments.

Their deputies, who in practice are responsible for the substantive negotiations, are concurrently senior members of their respective governments. However, the duties of these offices are limited only to tourism-related affairs so far. By convention, SEF—ARATS negotiations proceed in three rounds: a technical round led by negotiators seconded from the relevant government departments, a draft round led by deputy heads of the two organisations, and a formal round led by the heads of the two organisations.

In this case, however, both sides have already reached broad consensus on these issues on both the technical and political levels through previous negotiations via the non-governmental and inter-party channels. As a result, the initial technical round was dispensed with, and the negotiations began with the second, draft round. To facilitate the above, both sides also agreed to further discuss on the possibilities of exchanging representative offices, with an SEF office to be opened in Beijing and an ARATS office in Taipei to issue travel permits to cross-Strait visitors, among other duties.

Previous routes avoided crossing the Strait for security reasons, with planes detouring through Hong Kong or Japan air control areas. The agreement relating to direct passenger flights increased the number of charter flights from 36 to per week, operating daily instead of the four days a week previously.

Flights would now operate to and from 21 Chinese cities. Flights would also take a more direct route. Private business jet flights would also be allowed. The agreement relating to cargo shipping allowed direct shipping between 11 sea ports in Taiwan and 63 in China. The shipping would be tax free. The agreement relating to cargo flights provided for up to 60 direct cargo flights per month. Finally, an agreement was made to set up food safety alerts between the two sides. During Chen's visit in Taipei, he was met with a series of strong protests directed at himself and Ma Ying-jeou, some of which were violent with Molotov cocktails being thrown by the protesters at riot police.

A series of arrests were made after the protests. This has been called a "second rail" in Taiwan, and helps to maintain political understanding and aims for political consensus between the two parties. Launched in by then- Taipei Mayor Hau Lung-pin to promote city-to-city exchanges, it led Shanghai participation in the Taipei International Flora Exposition end of that year. In , the newly elected Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je attended the forum. A third mode of contact is through private bodies accredited by the respective governments to negotiate on technical and operational aspects of issues between the two sides.

Called the " Macau mode", this avenue of contact was maintained even through the years of the Chen Shui-bian administration. For example, on the issues of opening Taiwan to Chinese tourists, the accredited bodies were tourism industry representative bodies from both sides. According to an opinion poll released by the Mainland Affairs Council taken after the second meeting, In , a poll conducted by the Taiwan Braintrust showed that about 90 percent of the population would identify themselves as Taiwanese rather than Chinese if they were to choose between the two.

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Also, In , the Sunflower Student Movement broke out. Citizens occupied the Taiwanese legislature for 23 days, protesting against the government forcing through Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement without consulting public opinion and without proper legislative supervision. The protesters perceived the trade pact with China would leave Taiwan vulnerable to political pressure from Beijing.

In January , the leader of the pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party , Tsai Ing-wen , was elected to the presidency of the Republic of China. Regular weekend direct, cross-strait charter flights between mainland China and Taiwan resumed on 4 July for the first time since Simultaneously, a Taiwan-based China Airlines flight flew to Shanghai. Currently, 61 mainland Chinese cities are connected with eight airports in Taiwan.

The flights operate every day, totaling round-trip flights across the Taiwan Strait per week.

China Warns U.S. to Keep Away From Taiwan Strait

Cross-strait investments have greatly increased in recent years. Predominantly, this involves Taiwan-based firms moving to, or collaborating in joint ventures , in Mainland China. The collective body of Taiwanese investors in Mainland China is now a significant economic force for both Mainland China and Taiwan. Cultural exchanges have increased in frequency.

Scholars and academics frequently visit institutions on the other side. Books published on each side are regularly re-published in the other side, though restrictions on direct imports and the different writing systems between the two sides somewhat impede the exchange of books and ideas. There are regular programs for school students from each side to visit the other. Religious exchange has become frequent. Frequent interactions occur between worshipers of Matsu , and also between Buddhists [ citation needed ].

The Chinese football team Changchun Yatai F. Both sides have provided humanitarian aid to each other on several occasions. Most recently, following the Sichuan earthquake , an expert search and rescue team was sent from Taiwan to help rescue survivors in Sichuan. Taiwanese intelligence noted that China has moved amphibious training away from the coast opposite Taiwan, and is instead holding the drills elsewhere. Since , the People's Republic of China has embarked on a massive military build-up.

In addition, the United States has indicated that it would supply Taiwan's military with ships and planes, but has not provided significant numbers of either for some years [] [] though Secretary of Defense Robert Gates said in that the United States would reduce arms sales to Taiwan if tensions are eased, [] but that this was not a change in American policy.

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In , PACCOM commander Willard said that there was a reduced possibility of a cross-strait conflict accompanying greater interaction, though there were no reductions in military spending on either side. In , the United States began increasing military exchanges with Taiwan as well as passing two bills to allow high level visits between government officials. Under the Trump administration , more US military vessels have passed through the Straight than during President Barack Obama 's term, upping the number of for China "provocative actions.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 26 June Further information: Political status of Taiwan and History of Taiwan since Communist Party. Top-ranked secretary : Wang Huning.

TAIWAN: KINMEN ISLAND: CHINA/TAIWAN TENSION MOUNTS

Chairman : Xi Jinping. Vice-Chairmen :. Office Chief: Ding Xuexiang. Director: Xi Jinping. Secretary-General: Wang Huning. Deputy Director: Li Keqiang. Office Chief: Liu He. United Front. Scientific Outlook on Development. Harmonious Socialist Society. Constitution Law. Constitution Previous constitutions President list : Xi Jinping. Presidential spouse : Peng Liyuan. Vice-President : Wang Qishan. Secretary-General : Xiao Jie. National Defense Mobilization Commission. Chairman : Li Keqiang.

Minister : Wei Fenghe. Judiciary Law enforcement. Secretary: Guo Shengkun. President : Zhou Qiang. Procurator-General : Zhang Jun. Minister: Zhao Kezhi State Councilor. Minister: Chen Wenqing. Minister: Fu Zhenghua. Director: Wang Huning. Deputy Director: Huang Kunming. Head: Huang Kunming. Deputy director: Li Keqiang. Director: Xu Lin. Hong Kong Macau. Cross-Strait relations. Foreign relations. Related topics. Administrative divisions Hukou system Family planning Ethnic minorities Communism. Other countries Atlas. Other branches.

Examination Yuan. Political parties. Qing rule. Japanese rule. Republic of China rule. China Mainland. Qing S. Republic of China.


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People's Republic of China. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The United States has stated no intention to send either of the two aircraft carrier battle groups it has dispatched to the western Pacific through the mile-long international waterway that separates Taiwan and the mainland, although the carrier Nimitz transited the strait in December.

In , a major American naval deployment to the strait ordered by President Eisenhower, and backed by an implicit threat to use nuclear weapons, was believed to have deterred Mao Zedong from mounting an invasion of the Taiwan-held islands of Quemoy and Matsu. The same threat does not exist today, but the "complicated situation" to which the Chinese Prime Minister referred is China's nine-month-old campaign to bring military pressure on Taiwan's people, who this coming Saturday will elect their President for the first time by direct vote.

The current President, Lee Teng-hui, 73, is expected to easily win the contest, but Beijing is hoping to weaken his electoral mandate by frightening voters toward other candidates. China fears that a large show of force by the United States will further embolden Taiwan's leaders to assert the island's independence. Meanwhile today, hundreds of people fled small islands under Taiwan's control off the Chinese mainland close to the area where Chinese troops will begin a new round of air, land and naval war games on Monday.

And on the campaign trail today, Mr. Lee called on Taiwan's voters to give him a strong mandate of at least 50 percent of the vote. He also issued another rebuke of the mainland's pressure tactics, calling them the equivalent of "state terrorism. And in a forum for all four presidential candidates, Mr.

Taiwan Strait I: What’s Left of ‘One China’? | Crisis Group

Lee disparaged the legitimacy of the Communist Party on the mainland. Clinton Administration officials say there is no evidence that China has military plans to invade Taiwan or its scattered island territories, but the White House nonetheless is sending a second carrier force to the western Pacific to underscore Washington's insistence that China and Taiwan resolve their longstanding differences by peaceful means.


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  • China refuses to renounce the use of force should Taiwan move toward independence, and on Friday a Foreign Ministry spokesman, Shen Guofang, sought to reiterate that point by describing as groundless earlier reports that China has signaled privately that "it has no intention to resort to arms in solving the Taiwan issue. Shen's attempts to harden China's position in the last days of the presidential campaign on Taiwan reflects the extent to which both China's Communist Party leadership and President Lee are vying for the hearts and minds of the Taiwan electorate.

    In Beijing, Prime Minister Li said, "We wholeheartedly hope that people in Taiwan can live in a peaceful and stable environment" and he again blamed the Taiwan leader for the "chaotic situation in Taiwan. View all New York Times newsletters. The Communist Party leadership in Beijing is said to believe that Mr. Lee is bent on leading Taiwan toward permanent separation from the mainland, a step that would undermine the "one China" commitment of his Nationalist Party, which is dedicated to eventual reunification with the mainland.

    Just as Beijing has sought to isolate Mr.